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Priscian, Ars grammatica: book 1 (De uoce, de littera)

Text of Priscian from Hertz ed., Grammatici Latini, vol. II, p. 12 (not a transcription from the St Gall manuscript).

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II 12,1debemus, quod non fixis labris est pronuntianda f, quomodo ph, atque
6a2912,1book 14143 quod: : (6a30=12,1) quomodo: :
6a29hh12,16a17book 1211 fixis: timmthastaib cumcaib
[‘compressed or constricted’] [analysis]
6a30ii12,16a18book 14226 ph: tri beulu dlútai
[‘through compressed lips’] [analysis]
II 12,2hoc solum interest.
6a31kk12,26a19book 1541 interest: .i. inter f. ⁊ alias mutas .i. fogur tantum noda·deligedar fri muta ⁊ is mút-si ara chuit-sidi
[‘i.e. between f and other mutes i.e. the sound only distinguishes it from mutes, and it is a mute so far as that goes’] [analysis]
II 12,3x etiam duplicem loco c et s uel g et s postea a Graecis inuentam
6a31ll12,3book 152 x: (m.l.) X
6a31mm12,3book 1543 x: .i. ix.
6a3212,3book 14141 a grecis: " (6a33=12,4) assumpsimus: "
6a32nn12,3book 14226 a grecis: per anastrophen .ξ.
II 12,4assumpsimus.
6a33oo12,4book 14221 541 assumpsimus: nos latini
II 12,5k enim et q, quamuis figura et nomine uideantur aliquam habere
6a33pp12,5book 152 K: (m.l.) K
6a3312,5book 153 K enim .. etc.: (m.l.) ,,,- (cf. 5b25=11,3)
6a33qq12,5book 1424 enim: .i. habet .XVI.
6a3312,5book 14141 quamvis: ., (6a34=12,5) videantur: .,
6a3412,5book 14111 aliquam: " (6a35=12,6) differentiam: "
II 12,6differentiam, cum c tamen eandem tam in sono uocum quam in metro
6a35rr12,66a20book 1211 36 cum c: la c.
[‘with c’] [analysis]
6a3512,6book 14141 tamen: ,, (6b1=12,7) continent: ,,
6a3512,6book 14111 eandem: " (6a36=12,7) potestatem: "
6a36ss12,6book 1541 (in) sono (vocum): in communi sermone.
II 12,7potestatem continent. et k quidem penitus superuacua est: nulla enim
6b112,7book 14142 [superva]cua: " (ibid.) enim: "
II 12,8uidetur ratio, cur a sequente haec scribi debeat: Carthago enim et
6b3a12,8book 13232 haec: .i. litera .k
II 12,9caput, siue per c siue per k scribantur, nullam faciunt nec in sono nec in
6b412,9book 14111 nullam: " (6b6=12,10) differenti[am]: "
6b5b12,96b1book 1211 34 nec (in sono): emith i fogur
[‘not only in sound’] [analysis]
6b5c12,96b1abook 1211 34 nec (in potestate): emith
[‘but also’] [analysis]
II 12,10potestate eiusdem consonantis differentiam. q uero propter nihil aliud
6b712,10book 14111 propter: " (ibid.) aliud: "
6b712,10book 14141 nihil: .- (6b7=12,11) videtur: .-
6b6d12,106b2book 1543 eiusdem: ind óen-foguir ní·fail dechor comḟogair indib
[‘of the one sound: there is no difference of consonance in them’] [analysis]
6b7e12,10book 152 Q: (m.l.) q
II 12,11scribenda uidetur esse, nisi ut ostendat, sequens u ante alteram uocalem in
6b8f12,116b3book 1543 336[?] esse: ní-ro·scríbad ar naill nisi
[‘it has not been written for anything else unless, etc.’] [analysis]
6b812,11book 14111 *(sequentem) u: : (6b9=12,12) positam: :
6b9g12,116b4book 14226 in: la .q. ⁊ lasin gutai doda·iarmorat
[‘with q and with the vowel that follows it’] [analysis]
II 12,12eadem syllaba positam perdere uim literae in metro. quod si ideo alia
6b9h12,12book 14221 perdere: .u.
6b10i12,12book 1541 vim: .i. quando nihil sit
6b1012,12book 14141 si: " (6b11=12,13) est: " (ibid.) existimanda: "
6b10k12,126b5book 1543 ideo: .i. ar thaidbsin nihelsa far .u.
[‘i.e. for showing the (metrical) nullity of u’] [analysis]
6b10l12,126b6book 1211 alia (li<t>tera): liter ṡain
[‘a different letter’] [analysis]
II 12,13litera est existimanda quam c, debet g quoque, cum similiter praeponitur
6b11m12,136b7book 1211 35 543 quam: oldaas .c. sain. fri .c.
[‘than c: different to c’] [analysis]
6b1112,13book 14141 debet: : (ibid.) g: : (ibid.) quoque: : (6b13=12,14) putari: :
6b11n12,13book 134 simi[liter]: fri .q.
[‘as q’] [analysis]
II 12,14u amittenti uim literae, alia putari, et alia, cum id non facit. dicimus
6b1212,14book 14111 *amittenti: " (ibid.) u: "
6b12o12,14book 13114 u: dond .u.
[‘to the u’] [analysis]
6b12p12,146b10book 1211 ali[a (putari)]: sain
[‘different’] [analysis]
6b13q12,146b10abook 1211 alia (cum): sain
[‘different’] [analysis]
6b13r12,146b12book 13232 id: nihelas frie
[‘nullity beside it’] [analysis]
6b13s12,146b11book 1543 facit: (m.d.) .i. bad liter sain .g ⁊ bíth charactar n-aill di amal sodain .i. in tan .m.bís nihelas do .u. fri .g.
[‘i.e. in that case let g be a different letter and have another character, to wit, when there is nullity in u beside g’] [analysis]
II 12,15enim anguis sicuti quis et augur sicuti cur.
6b14t12,156b13book 1211 anguis: nathir
[‘snake’] [analysis]
6b14u12,156b14book 1211 augur: mathmarc
[‘a soothsayer’] [analysis]
6b14w12,15book 1541 *iacur: caebb .oo.
[‘lump ‘liver’’] [analysis]
II 12,16unde si uelimus cum ueritate contemplari, ut diximus, non plus
6b1412,16book 14141 unde: " (6b16=12,16) non: " (6b17=12,17) habemus: "
6b15x12,166b16book 14224 contemplari: lín liter laitinde
[‘the number of the Latin letters’] [analysis]
II 12,17decem et octo literas in Latino sermone habemus, hoc est sedecim antiquas
II 12,18Graecorum et f et x postea additas, et eas quoque ab eisdem sumptas.
6b1812,18book 14122 grecorum: " (6b19=12,18) eisdem: "
6b1812,18book 14142 additas: : (6b19=12,19) nam: :
6b19y12,18book 13232 eas: f ⁊ x
II 12,19nam y et z Graecorum causa, ut supra dictum est, asciuimus nominum,
6b19z12,196b17book 1541 y (et z): .i. ar ní biat i n-anmanaib laitindib ⁊ ní·erchuiretar lín liter laitinde iarum
[‘i.e. for they are not in Latin nouns (words), and so they do not increase (?) the number of Latin letters’] [analysis]
6b21aa12,196b18book 1211 assscivimus: do-ro·chuirsemmar
[‘we have summoned’] [analysis]
II 12,20h autem aspirationis est nota et nihil aliud habet literae nisi figuram et
II 12,21quod in uersu scribitur inter alias literas. quod si sufficeret, ut
6b23bb12,216b19book 1541 in versu: do immḟolung ḟuit
[‘to cause length’] [analysis]
6b2312,21book 14142 scribitur: .- (ibid.) quod: .-
6b23cc12,216b20book 13232 quod: aní-sin a scribend inter alias
[‘that, (namely) that is written among the others ’] [analysis]
6b24dd12,21book 1212 ylementum: litera
II 12,22elementum putaretur, nihilominus quorundam etiam numerorum figurae, quia in
6b24ee12,22book 14221 putaretur: .h.
6b25ff12,22book 14228 [nihilo]minus: quam h.
6b25gg12,22book 1541 numerorum: ut ennacos apud grecos ⁊ episinon ⁊ reliqua. {cf. E 7r15 .S. erisenon significat .VIs. .P. coppe. significat .c. /| .ennacos. significat dcccc.}
6b2512,22book 14122 numerorum: ,. (6b26=12,23) literas: ,. (ibid.) eis: ,.
6b25hh12,226b21book 1211 figurae: na nota áram
[‘the figures of numerals’] [analysis]
II 12,23uersu inter alias literas scribuntur, quamuis eis dissimiles sint, elementa
6b27ii12,23book 1212 ylementa: literae {= E 7r16 .i. add. E}


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Conspectus siglorum


St Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 904 (a. 851)
Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, BPL 67 (a. 838)
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. CXXXII (s. IXb)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Latin 10290 (s. IXc–d)
Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Cod. A 138 sup. (s. IX)
Dublin, Trinity College, MS 229 (C.1.8) (s. XI)


[ ]
the enclosed part is in the preceding or following line in the MS
the gloss is not in the hand of the usual glossator A (in all MSS)
the gloss explains a corrupt lemma and/or sentence


id est/ed-ón
= spiritus asper
< >
part of the gloss is illegible [note: < > sometimes also enclose later additions in the MS; these are being revised and distinguished with ( )]
[ ]
letters which should be deleted
letters marked as deleted (but legible) in the MS
Rijcklof Hofman, Pádraic Moran, Bernhard Bauer, St Gall Priscian Glosses, version 2.1 (2023) <> [accessed 23 June 2024]