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Priscian, Ars grammatica: book 1 (De uoce, de littera)

Text of Priscian from Hertz ed., Grammatici Latini, vol. II, p. 5 (not a transcription from the St Gall manuscript).

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II 5,0

liber primus de uoce

3a235,app.book 14111 eas: ., (ibid.) voces: .,
3a235,app.book 14141 quanquam: " (ibid.) intelligimus: " (3a24) tamen: "
3a235,app.book 14111 de (quo): : (3a24) volucre: :
3a23ff5,app.3a9book 1211 321 de (quo): .i. cide
[‘i.e. from which’] [analysis]
3a235,app.book 14123 sint: .- (3a24) profectae: .-
3a25gg5,app.book 14228 superius: dixi
3a25hh5,app.book 1212 affec[tu]: .i. intellectu
II 5,1philosophi definiunt, uocem esse aerem tenuissimum ictum uel suum
3a1a5,1book 152 Philosophi: diffinitio substantiae
3a15,1book 14143 diffiniunt: " (3a2=5,1) vel: "
3a2b5,1book 1541 íctum: .i. a lingua ⁊ faucibus
3a2c5,1book 1212 +íctum: (m.d.) pulsum
3a35,1book 14111 sonum: : (3a3=5,2) sensibilem: :
II 5,2sensibile aurium, id est quod proprie auribus accidit. et est prior definitio
3a3d5,23a1book 1543 sensibilem (aurium): .i. cita·biat chlúasa
[‘i.e. which ears perceive’] [analysis]
3a4e5,2book 1541 quod: .i. né putas aurem efficere vocem {= E 4r26 .i. om. E}
3a4f5,2book 14221 *accidit: .i. vox {= E 4r26}
3a4g5,2book 125 accidit: .i. cado accido
3a45,2book 14142 (?)[?] accidit: .- (3a8=5,4) quantum: .- (ibid.) est: .-
3a55,2book 14143 4121 diffinitio: : (3a6=5,3) altera: : (ibid.) quam: :
II 5,3a substantia sumpta, altera uero a notione, quam Graeci ἔννοιαν dicunt,
3a5h5,33a2book 1541 substantia: .i. a folad dia n-imm·olṅgaithaer vox
[‘i.e. the substance from which vox is produced’] [analysis]
3a65,3book 14121 notione: " (ibid.) quam: "
3a6i5,3book 13221 quam: vel diffinitionem
3a65,3book 14142 ηννοιαν: : (3a7=5,4) hoc: : (ibid.) enim: :
II 5,4hoc est ab accidentibus. accidit enim uoci auditus, quantum in ipsa est.
3a8k5,4book 13232 in (ipsa): .i. voce {= E 4r29}
II 5,5uocis autem differentiae sunt quattuor: articulata, inarticulata, literata,
3a95,5book 153 [dif]firentiae: (m.d.) -,-,-, (cf. 3a31=6,3)
3a95,5book 14142 quatuor: ,,, (3a15=5,9) igitur: ,,,
3a9l5,5book 1423 articulata: .i. vox
II 5,6illiterata. articulata est, quae coartata, hoc est copulata cum aliquo sensu
3a11m5,63a3book 14226 541 coartata: (m.l.) .i. ex aere et ore in unam vocem .i. do·immthastar fri slond ṅ-intliuchta bís hisin menmain .-
[‘i.e. it is combined to express the meaning which is in the mind’] [analysis]
3a11n5,6book 1541 sensu: .i. cogitatur antequam dicetur
II 5,7mentis eius, qui loquitur, profertur. inarticulata est contraria, quae a nullo
3a12o5,7book 14226 profertur: .i. ore ⁊ a lingua
3a13p5,7book 14223 contraria (vox): .i. voci articulatae
3a135,7book 14141 quae: .- (ibid.) nullo: .- (3a13=5,8) affectu: .- (ibid.) profi[ciscitur]: .-
3a13q5,73a4book 1541 nullo: .i. ni·astaider ⁊ ni·timmorcar fri slond ṅ-intliucta
[‘i.e. it is not fastened down and it is not checked to express a meaning’] [analysis]
II 5,8affectu proficiscitur mentis. literata est, quae scribi potest, illiterata, quae
3a13r5,83a5book 1211 affectu: .i. hua duthracht
[‘i.e. from volition’] [analysis]
3a13s5,83a6book 1211 (nullo ..) proficiscitur: .i. ní·aescomlai
[‘i.e. it proceeds not’] [analysis]
II 5,9scribi non potest. inueniuntur igitur quaedam uoces articulatae, quae
3a155,9book 14143 inveniuntur: ., (3a17=5,12) quaedam: .,
II 5,10possunt scribi et intellegi, ut:
3a16t5,10book 1543 scribi: .i. articulata literata
II 5,11«arma uirumque cano»,
3a17u5,11book 152 572 arma virumque cano: (m.l.) virgilius {= K 2v31}
II 5,12quaedam, quae non possunt scribi, intelleguntur tamen, ut sibili hominum
3a18w5,12book 1543 intelliguntur: .i. articulata illiterata
3a185,12book 14142 intelliguntur: " (3a19=5,13) hae: "
3a18x5,123a7book 1541 sibili: .i. is cosmart do rétaib ind fet.
[‘i.e. the hissing sound is a signal by things’] [analysis]
II 5,13et gemitus: hae enim uoces, quamuis sensum aliquem significent proferentis
3a18y5,13book 14222 gemitus: .i. doloris
3a19z5,13book 14222 sensum (aliquem): .i. iucunditatis vel doloris
3a20aa5,13book 13232 eas: .i. voces
II 5,14eas, scribi tamen non possunt. aliae autem sunt, quae, quamuis scribantur,
3a215,14book 14141 quae: .- (3a21=5,15) sunt: .-
II 5,15tamen inarticulatae dicuntur, cum nihil significent, ut coax, cra. aliae
3a21bb5,15book 1541 inarticulatae: .i. inarticulata literata
3a21cc5,153a8book 1541 inarticulatae: .i. neph-thimmorti fri slond n-intliuchta
[‘i.e. not constrained to express a meaning’] [analysis]
3a22dd5,15book 1541 cum (nihil significant): .i. in comparatione vocum hominum vel nihil speciale significant
3a22ee5,15book 1543 corax coraa: .i. voces avium

 

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Conspectus siglorum

Manuscripts

G
St Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 904 (a. 851)
L
Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, BPL 67 (a. 838)
K
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. CXXXII (s. IXb)
E
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Latin 10290 (s. IXc–d)
M
Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Cod. A 138 sup. (s. IX)
T
Dublin, Trinity College, MS 229 (C.1.8) (s. XI)

Lemmata

[ ]
the enclosed part is in the preceding or following line in the MS
+
the gloss is not in the hand of the usual glossator A (in all MSS)
*
the gloss explains a corrupt lemma and/or sentence

Glosses

7
et/ocus
.i.
id est/ed-ón
= spiritus asper
< >
part of the gloss is illegible [note: < > sometimes also enclose later additions in the MS; these are being revised and distinguished with ( )]
[ ]
letters which should be deleted
abc
letters marked as deleted (but legible) in the MS
Rijcklof Hofman, Pádraic Moran, Bernhard Bauer, St Gall Priscian Glosses, version 2.1 (2023) <http://www.stgallpriscian.ie/index.php?bb=1> [accessed 26 February 2024]