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Priscian, Ars grammatica: book 1 (De uoce, de littera)

Text of Priscian from Hertz ed., Grammatici Latini, vol. II, p. 5 (not a transcription from the St Gall manuscript).

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II 5,0

liber primus de uoce

3a235, 14111 eas: ., (ibid.) voces: .,
3a235, 14141 quanquam: " (ibid.) intelligimus: " (3a24) tamen: "
3a235, 14111 de (quo): : (3a24) volucre: :
3a23ff5,app.3a9book 1211 321 de (quo): .i. cide
[‘i.e. from which’] [analysis]
3a235, 14123 sint: .- (3a24) profectae: .-
3a25gg5, 14228 superius: dixi
3a25hh5, 1212 affec[tu]: .i. intellectu
II 5,1philosophi definiunt, uocem esse aerem tenuissimum ictum uel suum
3a1a5,1book 152 Philosophi: diffinitio substantiae
3a15,1book 14143 diffiniunt: " (3a2=5,1) vel: "
3a2b5,1book 1541 íctum: .i. a lingua ⁊ faucibus
3a2c5,1book 1212 +íctum: (m.d.) pulsum
3a35,1book 14111 sonum: : (3a3=5,2) sensibilem: :
II 5,2sensibile aurium, id est quod proprie auribus accidit. et est prior definitio
3a3d5,23a1book 1543 sensibilem (aurium): .i. cita·biat chlúasa
[‘i.e. which ears perceive’] [analysis]
3a4e5,2book 1541 quod: .i. né putas aurem efficere vocem {= E 4r26 .i. om. E}
3a4f5,2book 14221 *accidit: .i. vox {= E 4r26}
3a4g5,2book 125 accidit: .i. cado accido
3a45,2book 14142 (?)[?] accidit: .- (3a8=5,4) quantum: .- (ibid.) est: .-
3a55,2book 14143 4121 diffinitio: : (3a6=5,3) altera: : (ibid.) quam: :
II 5,3a substantia sumpta, altera uero a notione, quam Graeci ἔννοιαν dicunt,
3a5h5,33a2book 1541 substantia: .i. a folad dia n-imm·olṅgaithaer vox
[‘i.e. the substance from which vox is produced’] [analysis]
3a65,3book 14121 notione: " (ibid.) quam: "
3a6i5,3book 13221 quam: vel diffinitionem
3a65,3book 14142 ηννοιαν: : (3a7=5,4) hoc: : (ibid.) enim: :
II 5,4hoc est ab accidentibus. accidit enim uoci auditus, quantum in ipsa est.
3a8k5,4book 13232 in (ipsa): .i. voce {= E 4r29}
II 5,5uocis autem differentiae sunt quattuor: articulata, inarticulata, literata,
3a95,5book 153 [dif]firentiae: (m.d.) -,-,-, (cf. 3a31=6,3)
3a95,5book 14142 quatuor: ,,, (3a15=5,9) igitur: ,,,
3a9l5,5book 1423 articulata: .i. vox
II 5,6illiterata. articulata est, quae coartata, hoc est copulata cum aliquo sensu
3a11m5,63a3book 14226 541 coartata: (m.l.) .i. ex aere et ore in unam vocem .i. do·immthastar fri slond ṅ-intliuchta bís hisin menmain .-
[‘i.e. it is combined to express the meaning which is in the mind’] [analysis]
3a11n5,6book 1541 sensu: .i. cogitatur antequam dicetur
II 5,7mentis eius, qui loquitur, profertur. inarticulata est contraria, quae a nullo
3a12o5,7book 14226 profertur: .i. ore ⁊ a lingua
3a13p5,7book 14223 contraria (vox): .i. voci articulatae
3a135,7book 14141 quae: .- (ibid.) nullo: .- (3a13=5,8) affectu: .- (ibid.) profi[ciscitur]: .-
3a13q5,73a4book 1541 nullo: .i. ni·astaider ⁊ ni·timmorcar fri slond ṅ-intliucta
[‘i.e. it is not fastened down and it is not checked to express a meaning’] [analysis]
II 5,8affectu proficiscitur mentis. literata est, quae scribi potest, illiterata, quae
3a13r5,83a5book 1211 affectu: .i. hua duthracht
[‘i.e. from volition’] [analysis]
3a13s5,83a6book 1211 (nullo ..) proficiscitur: .i. ní·aescomlai
[‘i.e. it proceeds not’] [analysis]
II 5,9scribi non potest. inueniuntur igitur quaedam uoces articulatae, quae
3a155,9book 14143 inveniuntur: ., (3a17=5,12) quaedam: .,
II 5,10possunt scribi et intellegi, ut:
3a16t5,10book 1543 scribi: .i. articulata literata
II 5,11«arma uirumque cano»,
3a17u5,11book 152 572 arma virumque cano: (m.l.) virgilius {= K 2v31}
II 5,12quaedam, quae non possunt scribi, intelleguntur tamen, ut sibili hominum
3a18w5,12book 1543 intelliguntur: .i. articulata illiterata
3a185,12book 14142 intelliguntur: " (3a19=5,13) hae: "
3a18x5,123a7book 1541 sibili: .i. is cosmart do rétaib ind fet.
[‘i.e. the hissing sound is a signal by things’] [analysis]
II 5,13et gemitus: hae enim uoces, quamuis sensum aliquem significent proferentis
3a18y5,13book 14222 gemitus: .i. doloris
3a19z5,13book 14222 sensum (aliquem): .i. iucunditatis vel doloris
3a20aa5,13book 13232 eas: .i. voces
II 5,14eas, scribi tamen non possunt. aliae autem sunt, quae, quamuis scribantur,
3a215,14book 14141 quae: .- (3a21=5,15) sunt: .-
II 5,15tamen inarticulatae dicuntur, cum nihil significent, ut coax, cra. aliae
3a21bb5,15book 1541 inarticulatae: .i. inarticulata literata
3a21cc5,153a8book 1541 inarticulatae: .i. neph-thimmorti fri slond n-intliuchta
[‘i.e. not constrained to express a meaning’] [analysis]
3a22dd5,15book 1541 cum (nihil significant): .i. in comparatione vocum hominum vel nihil speciale significant
3a22ee5,15book 1543 corax coraa: .i. voces avium


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Conspectus siglorum


St Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 904 (a. 851)
Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, BPL 67 (a. 838)
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. CXXXII (s. IXb)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Latin 10290 (s. IXc–d)
Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Cod. A 138 sup. (s. IX)
Dublin, Trinity College, MS 229 (C.1.8) (s. XI)


[ ]
the enclosed part is in the preceding or following line in the MS
the gloss is not in the hand of the usual glossator A (in all MSS)
the gloss explains a corrupt lemma and/or sentence


id est/ed-ón
= spiritus asper
< >
part of the gloss is illegible [note: < > sometimes also enclose later additions in the MS; these are being revised and distinguished with ( )]
[ ]
letters which should be deleted
letters marked as deleted (but legible) in the MS
Rijcklof Hofman, Pádraic Moran, Bernhard Bauer, St Gall Priscian Glosses, version 2.1 (2023) <> [accessed 20 July 2024]