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Priscian, Ars grammatica: book 5 (De generibus, de numeris, de figuris, de casu)

Text of Priscian from Hertz ed., Grammatici Latini, vol. II, p. 154 (not a transcription from the St Gall manuscript).

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II 154,1proprium ciuitatis inuenitur Gaddir (quod quidam femininum esse
65a10154,1book 54121 gaddir: " (ibid.) quod: "
II 154,2putauerunt, sed Sallustius neutrum esse ostendit in II historiarum
II 154,3accusatiuum nominatiuo similem ponens: «ut alii tradiderunt,
65a12c154,365a2book 5541 accusativum: .i. olṡodain as sainreth do neutur
[‘i.e. which is peculiar to the neuter’] [analysis]
65a13d154,3book 5421 ut: .i. est hoc exemplum
65a13e154,365a3book 5543 tartessum: a ainmm hi tosuch gaddir iarum
[‘(Tartessus was) its name at first, Gaddir afterwards’] [analysis]
II 154,4Tartessum, Hispaniae ciuitatem, quam nunc Tyrii mutato
II 154,5nomine Gaddir habent»; nam si esset femininum, Gaddirem dixisset)
II 154,6et unum neutrum indeclinabile, hoc ir.
65a17f154,6app.65a4book 5541 *(το τεναρ) της ηιρως: indeclinabile vel is genitivus .i. grec indí as tenar ⁊ is dilledach la grecu
[‘an indeclinable, or it is a genitive, i.e. Greek of qénar and with the Greeks it is declinable’] [analysis]
II 154,7in or comparatiua quidem communia sunt: hic et haec clarior,
II 154,8felicior, melior, minor, excepto uno hic senior; alia uero omnia
II 154,9masculina sunt, ut hic orator, cursor, furor, doctor, horror, labor,
II 154,10exceptis femininis quidem tribus, quorum duo ipsa natura alterius esse
65a23g154,10117book 5543 alterius: acht femininum tantum
[‘but feminine only’] [analysis]
II 154,11generis prohibet, uxor et soror. arbor etiam, quod iure inter
65a24h154,11book 54228 arbor: excipitur
II 154,12feminina connumeratur, quod mater quoque dicitur proprii fetus unaquaeque
65a25154,12book 54141 quod: ., (ibid.) dicitur: .,
65a25154,12book 54142 mater: .- (65a28=154,15) unde: .-
65a25154,12book 54111 proprii: : (ibid.) fe[tus]: :
65a26i154,1265a6book 5211 [fe]tus: as máthir a ṡotho feissin ncach n-óen-chrann
[‘that every single tree is mother of its own fruit’] [analysis]
II 154,13arbor auctore Virgilio, qui in II georgicon hoc ostendit dicens:
65a27k154,13book 552 qui: (m.l.) virgilii georgicon .II.o
II 154,14«parua sub ingenti matris se subicit umbra».
65a27l154,14book 53111 parva: nominativus
65a28m154,1465a7book 5572 [in]genti: in fualascach bec ásas asin chrunn
[‘the small branches that grow out of the tree’] [analysis]
65a28154,14book 54111 [in]genti: " (ibid.) umbra: "
II 154,15unde specialia quoque uniuscuiusque arboris nomina feminina sunt, excepto
65a30154,15book 54142 excepto: : (65a32=154,17) nam: :
II 154,16oleastro, quod tam forma terminationis quam declinatio prohibuit esse
65a30n154,1665a8book 5541 forma: air is sainred do mascul in tairmorcenn in .er.
[‘for the termination in -er is peculiar to the masculine’] [analysis]
65a31o154,16book 5541 declinatio: secunda declinatio
II 154,17femininum. nam siler non est inter arbores ponendum, sicut nec rubus.
65a32p154,1765a9book 5543 563 siler: luib ⁊ ní crann
[‘a plant and not a tree’] [analysis]
65a33q154,17book 5543 563 rubus: dris reliqua
[‘thorn etc.’] [analysis]
II 154,18neutra quoque in or desinentia quattuor inueniuntur: marmor, aequor,
II 154,19ador, cor, praeterea communia, quae etiam apud Graecos communia
65a34r154,19book 5214 ador: genus etha {cf. E 43v27 fructus est}
[‘a kind of’]
65a35s154,1965a11book 5543 preterea: cenmithá aranecatar coitchena in or dano
[‘besides that common nouns in or also are found’] [analysis]
II 154,20sunt: memor, immemor, et a decore uel corpore uel colore composita,
II 154,21hic et haec indecor, dedecor, bicorpor, tricorpor, discolor,
65a39w154,2165a14book 5211 discolor: dédathaigthe
[‘two-coloured’] [analysis]
65a39x154,2165a15book 5211 concolor: comdathaigthe
[‘of the same colour’] [analysis]
65a38t154,2165a12book 5211 indecor: dochrud
[‘indecorous’] [analysis]
65a38u154,2165a13book 5211 bicorpor: déchorpdae
[‘having two bodies’] [analysis]
II 154,22concolor. auctor, quando αὐθέντην significat, commune est, quando
65a39y154,22book 5571 221 auctor: (m.l.) comminianus auctor cum ad auctoritatem refertur pro communi accipitur.-
65a39z154,2265a16book 5571 211 auctor: (m.l.) auctoritas. vetustas est in libro niciae autentica .i. arsata.,
[‘,authority’ is ,antiquity’ in the Book of Niceia (?). ,Authentic’ is ,ancient’’] [analysis]
65a39aa154,22book 5221 αυθεντ[ην]: .i. auctor in greca vetus latine
65a40bb154,2265a17book 5571 221 αυξητην: augmentum augtor thórmachtaid fo sodain ab augeo
[‘auctor increaser then from augeo’] [analysis]
II 154,23αὐξητήν, auctrix facit femininum, sicut omnia uerbalia in or desinentia.
II 154,24in ur, si sint propria uel deorum uel gentilia uel appellatiua auium
65a42154,24book 54144 propria: .- (65b3=155,1) anxur: .- (ibid.) astur: .-
65b1154,24book 54144 gentilia: ,, (ibid.) appellativa: ,, (65b3=155,1) turtur: ,, (ibid.) vultur: ,,

 

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Conspectus siglorum

Manuscripts

G
St Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 904 (a. 851)
L
Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, BPL 67 (a. 838)
K
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. CXXXII (s. IXb)
E
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Latin 10290 (s. IXc–d)
M
Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Cod. A 138 sup. (s. IX)
T
Dublin, Trinity College, MS 229 (C.1.8) (s. XI)

Lemmata

[ ]
the enclosed part is in the preceding or following line in the MS
+
the gloss is not in the hand of the usual glossator A (in all MSS)
*
the gloss explains a corrupt lemma and/or sentence

Glosses

7
et/ocus
.i.
id est/ed-ón
= spiritus asper
< >
part of the gloss is illegible [note: < > sometimes also enclose later additions in the MS; these are being revised and distinguished with ( )]
[ ]
letters which should be deleted
abc
letters marked as deleted (but legible) in the MS
Rijcklof Hofman, Pádraic Moran, Bernhard Bauer, St Gall Priscian Glosses, version 2.1 (2023) <http://www.stgallpriscian.ie/index.php?kV=2&kP=154&id=5097> [accessed 13 July 2024]