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Priscian, Ars grammatica: book 8 (De uerbo)

Text of Priscian from Hertz ed., Grammatici Latini, vol. II, p. 370 (not a transcription from the St Gall manuscript).

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II 370,1ergo naturae necessitas bipertita est in significatione et in
137b21u370,1book 852?[?] (m.l.) s (significa[tionem]?)
137b22w370,1137b6book 84226 541 incommoditate: .i. hiforgnúis
[‘i.e. in form’] [analysis]
II 370,2commoditate, id est in consonantia elementorum. sunt enim quaedam non solum
137b22x370,2137b7book 83116 211 inconsonantia: uand neph-
[‘from the un-’] [analysis]
137b22y370,2book 8212 ylimento[rum]: literarum
137b23370,2book 84143 sunt: " (ibid.) solum: (137b23=370,3) sed: "
137b23z370,2book 8423 quaedam: .i. defectiva
II 370,3in uerbis, sed etiam in aliis partibus orationis, quae significationis causa
II 370,4dici non debent, ut, si uelimus masculinum dicere ab eo quod est nupta
137b24370,4book 84141 ut: ., (137b26=370,5) oppugnat: .,
137b25aa370,4book 8331 25 541 nupta: .i. verbum femininum nubo
II 370,5nuptus uel a puerpera puerperus, oppugnat ipsa rerum natura
137b26370,5book 84142 oppugnat: . (137b27=370,6) nisi: .
II 370,6propter significationem, quae solis accidit feminis, nisi figura uel auctoritas
137b27bb370,6137b8book 8211 (propter) significationem: ar inṅinni
[‘because of the meaning’] [analysis]
II 370,7intercedat: figura, ut si dicam: bonus animus uxoris mihi nuptus est pro
137b29cc370,7137b9book 851 543 bonus: .i. is fuath ṅ eperta int inbodugud don menmmain
[‘i.e. it is a figure of speech, the wedding of the mind’] [analysis]
II 370,8bonum animum habens uxor mihi nupta est; auctoritas, ut Plautus in
II 370,9Casina:
II 370,10«libet Charinum quid agat scire nouum nuptum»,
137b30370,10book 853 libet .. etc.: (m.l.) ,, charinum: (subs.) ,, (cf. 140a40=377,18)
137b30dd370,10book 858 +charinum: etiam
II 370,11pro maritum. nec non in pronominibus quae sunt tertiae personae
137b31370,11book 84141 nec: .- (137b34=370,13) vetat: .-
II 370,12primitiuis si uelimus uocatiuum proferre casum, qui non potest nisi secundae
137b32ee370,12book 8541 vocativum: .i. quia non potest prima persona vocare tertiam personam
II 370,13accidere personae, haec eadem naturalis necessitas uetat. praeterea sui
137b34ff370,13book 8223 naturalis: .i. naturae
137b34370,13book 84122 sui: .- (137b35=370,14) hoc: .-
II 370,14sibi se a se; nominatiuum hoc pronomen habere non potest ideo, quia,
II 370,15quotiens hoc pronomen ponitur, ostendit tertiam personam uel ipsam et
137b36370,15book 84143 ostendit: (137b38=370,17) (vel) et: (ibid.) et (aliam):
137b36gg370,15book 84222 tertiam (personam): .i. verbi
II 370,16agere simul et pati a se, ut paenitet illum sui, inuidet sibi, accusat
137b37hh370,16137b10book 8543 penitet: .i. gním ind aithirge cesad afodaitiu.
[‘i.e. the repentance (is) action, its endurance (is) passion’] [analysis]
137b37370,16book 84144 penitet: o- (137b41=370,19) a se: o-
II 370,17se, uel et ipsam agere et aliam extrinsecus in eam, ut rogat, ut sui
137b38ii370,17book 84226 agere: .i. in aliam
137b39370,17book 84144 rogat: ÷ (138a1=370,20) (ab) alia: ÷
II 370,18causa facias, petit, ut sibi concedas, precatur, ut se custodias. quod
137b40370,18book 8111[?]
II 370,19cum fit, id est quando eadem persona et agit et patitur uel a se uel ab
II 370,20alia, non indiget nominatiuo casu, sed eo, cui solet adiungi uerbum, quod
138a1370,20book 84143 indiget: ., (ibid.) sed: .,
138a1a370,20book 83232 eo: (subs.) .i. casu
II 370,21actum significat, id est genetiuo uel datiuo uel accusatiuo uel ablatiuo, quos
II 370,22et habet hoc pronomen; ipsum enim uerbum agentis personae nominatiuum
138a4b370,22book 83232 (hoc) pronomen: .i. sui
II 370,23in se habet. si enim dicam: rogat te, ut ad se uenias, sine dubio
138a5c370,23138a1book 8543 (in) se: .i. sluintir persan tresin brethir cenibé ainmnid
[‘i.e. person is expressed by the verb, though there be no nominative’] [analysis]
138a5370,23book 84141 enim: " (138a6=370,23) intelligis: "
II 370,24intellegis in eo, quod dixi, rogat simul et ille, qui est nominatiuus.
II 370,25haec eadem ratio naturalis etiam in interrogatiuis et in infinitiuis
138a7370,25book 84141 haec: .: (138a12=371,2) prohibet: .:
138a7d370,25book 83232 (haec) eadem (ratio): praedicta

 

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Conspectus siglorum

Manuscripts

G
St Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 904 (a. 851)
L
Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, BPL 67 (a. 838)
K
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. CXXXII (s. IXb)
E
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Latin 10290 (s. IXc–d)
M
Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Cod. A 138 sup. (s. IX)
T
Dublin, Trinity College, MS 229 (C.1.8) (s. XI)

Lemmata

[ ]
the enclosed part is in the preceding or following line in the MS
+
the gloss is not in the hand of the usual glossator A (in all MSS)
*
the gloss explains a corrupt lemma and/or sentence

Glosses

7
et/ocus
.i.
id est/ed-ón
= spiritus asper
< >
part of the gloss is illegible [note: < > sometimes also enclose later additions in the MS; these are being revised and distinguished with ( )]
[ ]
letters which should be deleted
abc
letters marked as deleted (but legible) in the MS
Rijcklof Hofman, Pádraic Moran, Bernhard Bauer, St Gall Priscian Glosses, version 2.1 (2023) <http://www.stgallpriscian.ie/index.php?kV=2&kP=370&id=7916> [accessed 25 September 2023]