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Priscian, Ars grammatica: book 5 (De generibus, de numeris, de figuris, de casu)

Text of Priscian from Hertz ed., Grammatici Latini, vol. II, p. 177 (not a transcription from the St Gall manuscript).

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II 177,1solus abi».
II 177,2Maenalus quoque dicitur et Tartarus et Gargarus. Virgilius in
73a35hh177,2book 552 [vir]gilius: (m.l.) virgilius bocolica
II 177,3bucolico:
II 177,4«Maenalus argutumque nemus pinosque loquentes /
II 177,5semper habet».
II 177,6idem in VI:
73a37ii177,6book 552 idem: (m.l.) virgilius
II 177,7«tum Tartarus ipse /
73a37kk177,7book 5212 561 tartarus: infernus
II 177,8bis patet in praeceps tantum tenditque sub umbras».
II 177,9

de figuris

II 177,10figura quoque dictionis in quantitate comprehenditur: uel enim
73a40ll177,10book 5541 quantitate: (m.l.) in maiore fit/ composita/ dicto .. simplex {cf. E 50r6 (m.d.) simplici vel composita vel in minore et maiore. in maiore si composita. in minore si simplex.- }
73a40177,10book 54112 4142 dictionis: /. (ibid.) quan[titate]: /. (73a41=177,10) enim: /.
73a41mm177,1073a16book 5211 543 [(dictionis in) quan]titate: .i. issinméit ṁbis indepert .i. immar fa bec
[‘i.e. in the extent to which the vocable is: i.e. whether it be great or small’] [analysis]
II 177,11simplex est, ut magnus, uel composita, ut magnanimus, uel decomposita,
73b1177,11book 54121 decomposita: " (73b4=177,13) quae: " {cf. E 50r9 quae .i. decomposita}
II 177,12quam Graeci παρασύνθετον uocant, id est a compositis deriuata, ut
II 177,13magnanimitas, quae rationabiliter separatim accepta est figura a Graecis.
73b4a177,1373b1book 5543 59 separatim: gnáe far figuir insin far leth farleth .i. tresṅgné
[‘that is a subdivision of ‘figura’ apart; apart, that is by reason of the subdivision’] [analysis]
II 177,14neque enim simplex poterit esse, quae a composita deriuatur dictione, neque
73b6177,14book 54143 poterit: " (73b7=176,14) neque: "
II 177,15composita, quia, quod suum est compositorum, non habet, id est ut ipsa
73b7177,15book 54122 composita: : (73b8=177,15) ipsa: :
73b7b177,15book 5212 suum: proprium {= E 50r11}
II 177,16per se ex diuersis componatur dictionibus separatim intellegendis sub uno
73b9177,16book 54111 dictionibus: : (73b10=177,16) [in]telligendis: :
73b9c177,1673b2book 5543 dictionibus .. in[telligendis]: .i. ciaetirscar/tar inna eperta/ bíte is inchomsuidigthiu/ adcuirethar/ do hógi ⁊ sluin/dit ní iarna/netarscarad.,
[‘i.e. though the words that are in the compound are separated they return to integrity, and signify somewhat after their separation’] [analysis]
II 177,17accentu et unam rem suppositam [id est significandam] accipiat, ut est
73b10d177,17book 552 accentu: (m.l.) Accentus
73b11e177,1773b3book 5543 rem: oinḟolad sluindite iarcomsuidigud .i. afolad foṡuidigther fondṡun .
[‘they express one substance after composition that is, the substance put under the word’] [analysis]
73b11177,17book 54111 rem: .- (ibid.) significandam: .-
II 177,18respublica, iusiurandum et talia. una est enim res supposita, duae uero
73b13f177,18book 54227 *alia: similia his
73b13g177,1873b4book 5211 (una ..) res: .i. óenfolad
[‘i.e. one substance’] [analysis]
73b14h177,1873b5book 5211 duae (.. voces): dasonsón
[‘that is, two (different) words’] [analysis]
II 177,19uoces diuersae sub uno accentu prolatae, quas inuenis separans
73b14177,19book 54121 voces: .- (73b15=177,19) quas: .- {cf. E 50r15 quas dictiones vel voces}
II 177,20compositum, etiamsi sit a corruptis compositum, ut est parricida. hoc enim
73b17177,20book 54141 enim: " (73b19=177,21) invenimus: "
II 177,21ipsum per se compositum quaerentes ex quibus dictionibus est,
73b17i177,21book 5423 (hoc ..) ipsum: nomen
II 177,22inuenimus diuisione facta eas per se intellegendas: dicimus enim a parente
73b20177,22book 54111 eas: : (ibid.) intelligendas: :
73b21177,22book 54122 parente: .- (73b21=177,23) caedere: " (ibid.) utraque: "
II 177,23et a uerbo caedere, quae utraque per se integra sunt et intellectum
II 177,24habent plenum, quod in decompositis fieri non potest. si enim dicam
II 177,25magnanimitas compositum est a magno et animitate, nihil dico, animitas
73b26k177,2573b6book 5211 543 nihil (dico): niepur ní sin .i. nidliged
[‘I say nothing therein, i.e. it is not right’] [analysis]


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Conspectus siglorum


St Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 904 (a. 851)
Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, BPL 67 (a. 838)
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. CXXXII (s. IXb)
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Latin 10290 (s. IXc–d)
Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Cod. A 138 sup. (s. IX)
Dublin, Trinity College, MS 229 (C.1.8) (s. XI)


[ ]
the enclosed part is in the preceding or following line in the MS
the gloss is not in the hand of the usual glossator A (in all MSS)
the gloss explains a corrupt lemma and/or sentence


id est/ed-ón
= spiritus asper
< >
part of the gloss is illegible [note: < > sometimes also enclose later additions in the MS; these are being revised and distinguished with ( )]
[ ]
letters which should be deleted
letters marked as deleted (but legible) in the MS
Rijcklof Hofman, Pádraic Moran, Bernhard Bauer, St Gall Priscian Glosses, version 2.1 (2023) <> [accessed 14 June 2024]