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Priscian, Ars grammatica: book 8 (De uerbo)

Text of Priscian from Hertz ed., Grammatici Latini, vol. II, p. 369 (not a transcription from the St Gall manuscript).

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II 369,1

liber octauus de uerbo

II 369,2uerbum est pars orationis cum temporibus et modis, sine casu, agendi
137b2369,2book 84111 verbum: " (137b4=369,3) [sig]nificativum: "
II 369,3uel patiendi significatiuum. hac enim definitione omnia tam finita quam
137b5369,3book 859 (m.l.) P*
II 369,4infinita uerba comprehenduntur. et neutra enim [quae dicuntur absoluta]
137b5a369,4book 8541 infinita: .i. infinitivi ⁊ gerundia reliqua
137b6369,4book 84141 et (neutra): .- (137b7=369,5) sunt: .-
137b6b369,4book 8541 +*absoluta: non agunt nisi in sua potestate
II 369,5et deponentia omnimodo naturaliter uel in actu sunt uel in passione.
II 369,6uerbum autem quamuis a uerberatu aeris dicatur, quod commune accidens
137b7369,6book 84141 autem: : (137b10=369,8) accipitur: :
137b8369,6book 84121 verberatu: " (ibid.) quod: "
II 369,7est omnibus partibus orationis, tamen praecipue in hac dictione quasi
137b10c369,7book 84222 [(hac) dic]tione: .i. verbi
II 369,8proprium eius accipitur, qua frequentius utimur in omni oratione. licet
137b11d369,8137b1book 8211 *liquet: .i. is dílmain
[‘i.e. it is allowable’] [analysis]
137b11369,8book 84143 liquet: .- (137b11=369,9) omnibus: .- (ibid.) dictionibus: .- (137b12=369,10) nec: .-
II 369,9tamen pro omnibus dictionibus dicere uerba frequentique usu hoc
137b12369,9book 84122 dicere: : (ibid.) hoc: :
II 369,10approbatur, nec non etiam nomina, sed raro, ut Virgilius in III:
137b13e369,10137b2book 8543 nomina: .i. cesu meinciu aranecar verbum do epirt donaib huilib rannaib arecar dano cid so indhuathad/ nomen do epirt/ doib. ut virgilius .-
[‘i.e. although it is oftener found that all the parts of speech are called verbum, yet even this is found rarely that they are called nomen’] [analysis]
137b13f369,10book 852 virgilius: (m.l.) virgilius
137b13g369,10book 8572 VI: (subs.) fata canit
II 369,11«foliisque notas et nomina mandat».
137b13h369,11book 8212 +notas: (m.l.) notas .i./ carecteres
137b14i369,11book 8212 543 nomina: .i. partes
137b14k369,11book 8572 mandat: .i. sibella
II 369,12Terentius in adelphis:
137b14l369,12book 8?[?] terrentius: *****
II 369,13«uerbum de uerbo expressum extulit».
137b14m369,13book 8212 543 verbum: .i. partem
137b14n369,13book 8212 543 (de) verbo: de parte
II 369,14idem in Andria:
II 369,15«bona uerba quaeso».
137b15o369,15book 8212 543 verba: partes
II 369,16uerbo accidunt octo: significatio siue genus, tempus, modus, species,
137b17p369,16book 8212 571 species: .i. forma
II 369,17figura, coniugatio et persona cum numero, quando affectus animi definit.
137b17q369,17book 853 persona: (m.l.) F¨ archiunn
137b17369,17book 84142 persona: " (ibid.) numero: " (137b18=369,17) quando: "
137b18r369,17137b3book 84221 211 diffinit: .i. verbum .i. cinness
[‘i.e. (which) it defines’] [analysis]
II 369,18sciendum autem, quaedam uerba inueniri defectiua quorundam supra
137b18369,18book 84143 sciendum: .- (137b20=369,19) et: .-
137b19369,18book 84122 difectiva: " (137b20=369,19) hoc: "
II 369,19dictorum accidentium et hoc uel naturae necessitate fieri uel fortunae
137b20s369,19137b4book 8543 naturae (necesitate): .i. ní airicc aicned
[‘i.e. a thing which nature finds’] [analysis]
137b20t369,19137b5book 8543 furtunae (casu): fadidmed aicned acht dondecmaiṅg/ anisiu
[‘nature would have suffered it, save that this so happens’] [analysis]
II 369,20casu.

 

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Conspectus siglorum

Manuscripts

G
St Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 904 (a. 851)
L
Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, BPL 67 (a. 838)
K
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. CXXXII (s. IXb)
E
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Latin 10290 (s. IXc–d)
M
Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Cod. A 138 sup. (s. IX)
T
Dublin, Trinity College, MS 229 (C.1.8) (s. XI)

Lemmata

[ ]
the enclosed part is in the preceding or following line in the MS
+
the gloss is not in the hand of the usual glossator A (in all MSS)
*
the gloss explains a corrupt lemma and/or sentence

Glosses

7
et/ocus
.i.
id est/ed-ón
= spiritus asper
< >
part of the gloss is illegible [note: < > sometimes also enclose later additions in the MS; these are being revised and distinguished with ( )]
[ ]
letters which should be deleted
abc
letters marked as deleted (but legible) in the MS
Rijcklof Hofman, Pádraic Moran, Bernhard Bauer, St Gall Priscian Glosses, version 2.1 (2023) <http://www.stgallpriscian.ie/index.php?kV=2&kP=369&id=7868> [accessed 26 February 2024]