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Priscian, Ars grammatica: book 3 (De comparatione, de superlativo, de diminutivo)

Text of Priscian from Hertz ed., Grammatici Latini, vol. II, p. 99 (not a transcription from the St Gall manuscript).

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II 99,1in remus (quae sola forma e habuit longam in paenultima, cum omnis
II 99,2forma superlatiui i correptam habeat ante mus, ut pulcherrĭmus,
II 99,3doctissĭmus, sapientissĭmus, maxĭmus, ultĭmus) ab aduerbiis siue
II 99,4praepositionibus uenientia desinunt haec: extra exterior extrēmus, supra superior
II 99,5suprēmus, post posterior postrēmus. ex quo apparet, neque a supero
44b9a99,544a1book 33226[?] quo: iure .i. e. airdíxa hi peneuilt
[‘[…] i.e. long e in (the) penult’] [analysis]
II 99,6neque a postero fieri comparatiuos siue superlatiuos, sicut neque ab
II 99,7infero infimus, quod solum in fimus desinit, sed ab aduerbio infra
II 99,8inferior infimus, nam si essent a [nomine] supero, postero, infero,
II 99,9seruassent regulam in us terminantium secundae declinationis, quae in
II 99,10simus faciunt superlatiuum.
II 99,11in nimus unum anomalum desinit, paruus minor minimus.
II 99,12in rimus a uerbo unum inuenitur, detero deterior deterrimus et unum
II 99,13anomalum, plurimus.
II 99,14in simus etiam unum anomalum inuenitur, pessimus. nam
II 99,15nouissimus uidetur [secundum analogiam] a nouo factum. ab eo autem, quod
II 99,16est ante anterior, superlatiuum [in usu] non inueni. a paene autem
II 99,17aduerbio superlatiuum in simus protulit Plautus in mustellaria:
44b2899,17book 34122 plautus: " (44b29=99,19) idem: "
44b28b99,17book 3566[?] mustellaria: nomen artis
II 99,18«ita mea consilia peruortit paenissime».
II 99,19item ab eo, quod est penitus aduerbium, superlatiuo usus est idem in
II 99,20Persa:
44b31c99,20book 3566[?] ipsafortivam: nomen artis {= E 30r18}
II 99,21«furtiuam adductam ex Arabia penitissima».
II 99,22sciendum tamen, quod etiam nomen inuenitur, hic penitus, huius peniti,
II 99,23ex quo magis superlatiuus gradus nascitur. Plautus in asinaria:
44b33d99,23book 34228 magis: quam adverbio
II 99,24«etiamne? :: age quaeso Hercle usque ex penitis
II 99,25faucibus».

 

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Conspectus siglorum

Manuscripts

G
St Gall, Stiftsbibliothek, 904 (a. 851)
L
Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, BPL 67 (a. 838)
K
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. CXXXII (s. IXb)
E
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Latin 10290 (s. IXc–d)
M
Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Cod. A 138 sup. (s. IX)
T
Dublin, Trinity College, MS 229 (C.1.8) (s. XI)

Lemmata

[ ]
the enclosed part is in the preceding or following line in the MS
+
the gloss is not in the hand of the usual glossator A (in all MSS)
*
the gloss explains a corrupt lemma and/or sentence

Glosses

7
et/ocus
.i.
id est/ed-ón
= spiritus asper
< >
part of the gloss is illegible [note: < > sometimes also enclose later additions in the MS; these are being revised and distinguished with ( )]
[ ]
letters which should be deleted
abc
letters marked as deleted (but legible) in the MS
Rijcklof Hofman, Pádraic Moran, Bernhard Bauer, St Gall Priscian Glosses, version 2.1 (2023) <http://www.stgallpriscian.ie/index.php?kV=2&kP=99> [accessed 14 June 2024]